Mixed metals are cut and shaped by hand with the goal of achieving a natural look. A variety of tools are used to apply textures with the intent of giving the pieces a signature look as well as tying them together as a collection. Other techniques employed include fold forming and reticulation. Both hot and cold methods are used to connect elements. Oxidation and various finishes are used to highlight the textures of the metals and add depth. Gemstones are often added for emphasis and color.